TI-M 2014 brochure. Click here to learn more about what we are doing in TI-M.
Transparency International performs various research into measuring corruption across different companies globally. The three main Indexes are:
Corruption Perceptions Index
The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is an annual index which measures the perceived levels of Public Sector Corruption in the different countries worldwide. It is a composite index of a combination of surveys and assessments of corruption collected by a variety of reputable institutions. The CPI is the most widely used indicator of corruption worldwide.
Bribe Payers Index
The Bribe Payers Index captures the supply side of international bribery, focusing on bribes paid by the private sector. As part of this index, TI asks business executives for their perceptions of the likelihood of companies from various countries, to engage in bribery.
Global Corruption Barometer
The Global Corruption Barometer is the largest world-wide public opinion survey on corruption. It addresses people’s direct experiences with bribery and details their views on corruption in the main institutions in their countries. It also provides insights into how willing and ready people are to stop corruption.
Forest Governance and Integrity Programme
The Forest Governance and Integrity Programme (FGI) aims to reduce corruption and enhance integrity and accountability in the Forestry Sector. It advocates for the relevant agencies to curb corruption in the forestry sector and reduce illegal / unsustainable deforestation, and aims to strengthen and enhance forest governance systems in Malaysia.
Business Integrity Programme
Corruption is a great challenge and an obstacle to good business. Corruption adds to the cost of doing business, distorts competition and presents serious legal and reputational risks. In more recent times, the fight against corruption has gained momentum nationally and internationally, with many countries tightening or introducing new anti-bribery laws. Recognising the need to improve accountability, transparency and governance, Transparency International – Malaysia (TI-M) has established the Business Integrity Programme (BIP) unit to help businesses, governments and civil society achieve the goals.
The objectives of the TI-BIP is:
- To improve governance, accountability, integrity and transparency in the commercial sector
- To provide the services required by companies to delivery effective business integrity programmes
- To support and strengthen Government initiatives in enhancing business integrity
In 2013, TI BIP Malaysia Sdn Bhd (TI BIP) was formed to manage the growing work of the BIP Unit. Drawing on the experience of the TI global network, the TI BIP team uses the best in methodology and tools and adapts them to the setting and culture of Malaysian organisations. TI BIP is a wholly-owned subsidiary of TI Malaysia, with oversight provided by the TI Malaysia Executive Committee.
Election Integrity Pledge
As part of Transparency International Malaysia’s (TI-M) effort to safeguard the integrity of political office, the Election Integrity Pledge website (http://www.timalaysia-electionpledge.org.my) was launched on 17 March 2012. The pledge is a voluntary, non-binding social contract for candidates standing for the next General Election to pledge to promote integrity, good governance, transparency and accountability, and to uphold the rule of law.
Compliance to the Pledge will not be monitored by TI-M but rather by the Rakyat. The website provides contact details of all signatories to allow interested citizens to contact these candidates. A feedback section is also available on the website to allow users to comment on the candidates’ adherence to the pledge.
The overall aim is to make elected representatives accountable in their public office by monitoring their conduct as elected lawmakers and adherence to the standards of the pledge as the war against corruption is the responsibility of all.
Reforming Political Financing
Political financing is a necessary element of a functioning democracy, allowing political parties to run smoothly. However, the financing of politics has to be transparent, properly accounted for, fully disclosed publicly and subject to effective government and social oversight. Failure to do so would result in serious monetisation of politics, leading to numerous problems, including corruption of the political process in the form more commonly known as “money politics”.
This project mainly focus on the financing of political activities, political parties, candidates and elections in Malaysia, both in past and present political landscapes. It aims to provide insights into the strengths and weaknesses of the electoral system in parliamentary and state elections as well as electoral campaigns within parties.
It is important to recognise that the monetisation of politics is a widespread phenomenon in Malaysia and that it contributes to the malaise of corruption. To address this challenge, it is imperative to undertake deep reforms of the political system, covering all aspects of national affairs that are relevant to political financing.
This project calls for, among other things, greater public disclosure in the financing of politics, autonomous and effective enforcement by regulatory regimes and a de-linking of politics from business in terms party ownership of corporate enterprises to create a level playing field in the Malaysian electoral competition.
Transparency in Defence
Defence and security sector corruption is a scourge of development, democratisation and good governance. It wastes scarce resources and reduces public trust in the government, its armed forces and its security services.
The programme aims to reduce corruption risks in the defence and security sectors through the introduction of effective anti-corruption measures such as transparency in defence budgets, increased open bidding in defence procurement and greater accountability and transparency to the public and media awareness by the defence and security sectors.